Bikaner Handloom Carpets is essentially the premium brand vertical of M.M.Wool group. We are the responsible international vertical, manufacturer and supplier of aesthetically supreme, culturally rich and the most comfortable handmade rugs and broadloom nicely chosen and handpicked for international markets. Our division caters to the overseas markets for the product range that includes Handwoven, Handloom, Hand-tufted rugs and broadloom, Shaggies and Flat Weave category.
The fabrics we deal in include wool, merino felt, tencel, nylon,viscosefibres. The former is well known for comfort and yarn capabilities; the latter is popular for the design innovations and thereby preferred by the modern lifestyles & professional users.
The idea is to reach out and offer the experience & expertise in the most customized & personalized form. Bikaner Handloom Carpets operates across the world through branch offices in Europe & US. We cater primarily to the markets in USA, UK, France, Spain, Italy, Australia, Brazil etc.
Our stakeholders include 500+ home based artisans working in our various facilities within the town of Bikaner, Rajasthan. The in-house artisans follow the following process of Carpet Manufacturing.
Sheep Rearing & Shearing
Sheep rearing is done in abundance since we are situated strategically in the city of Bikaner which is also the home for Asia’a biggest wool industry. The quality of sheep is taken care of to control the quality of our raw materials for our products which primarily include, Handwoven Wool and Natural Fibers and Hand Tufted Carpets and Shags.
Grading & Assorting of Raw Wool
Wool once procured is carefully sorted and cleaned to remove the redundant particles like dust. The removal process involves washing & drying of wool under the sun and this takes approximately two-three days. Summers are scorching in Bikaner and that is why the city gives an edge to our staff and therefore we have the advantage of better timelines as well.
Blending is done to combine different wools together and to ascertain the ratio of different origins and materials. This is also done to ensure smooth flow of fibers in spinning. Even though the machines are now available for carding, it is still performed by hand to ensure the exclusivity and finish in end products.
Handspun process involves ‘Charkha’, also known as spinning wheel for wool spun. The process is generally considered critical as it leads to ascertaining the thickness of yarn.
Yarn Dying & Drying
The traditional methods of dying included pot dying and vegetable dying but @ Bikaner Handloom Carpets we transitioned to machine dying quickly as these were believed to be slow and ineffective. We also have fiber dyeing arrangements for large lots that typically go into significant-sized broadloom project or running collections. However, we continue to use the organic colors to retain the antiquity of our carpets. Once dried after dying, the yarn is made into balls and scissors, iron rod, levers, comb beaters etc.
Beside yarn, we also have in-house production for Merino wool felt sheet that is either used as is after value-additions like hole punching, yarn knotting through it that is typically a choice for high-end furniture brands and designers, or cut into various thicknesses felt strips and woven on loom to create different patterns and textures.
Our designers’ layout the custom-made designs and the soft files are shared with the weavers. A designated map reader or a second weaver is often required to bring alive those designs on carpets as they send it to the looming stage.
As previously said, we are working on an art form. Carpet weaving @ Bikaner Handloom Carpets is no less than an art. Whether it is Coning, Weaving, Washing or Finishing – all are steps involved in carpet weaving. Sometimes more than one weaver works on a single loom if the size of the carpet demands. Making knots, row after row is an individual process and carried out by one weaver at a time.
Washing & Drying
The knotted trimmed carpet reaches for a fresh wash & treatments if required. Drying a carpet takes around 2-3 days in the scorching sunlight typical of this region, lending distinctive sheen and luster to the surface of the carpet.
Finishing & Stretching
This is the penultimate stage of carpet completion and it includes, re-trimming and stretching. The experts check the finishing of tufts or weaves, color coordination, design approvals etc and stretching is done to level the woven fabric.
Quality Check & Packing
The ready carpets are then sent to the Quality Check team for approvals on fabric, weave, color, design and customized labelling. Once approved, the carpets are rolled/wrapped and sealed at each end. The material used for packaging includes – polythene & cloth.